Genital herpies/herpes is among the most commonly reported of the sexually transmitted diseases that are prevalent on a global basis, and the causative agent of this infection is primarily the Herpies Simplex Virus 2 or HSV-2. However, Herpies Simplex Virus 1 or HSV-1 can also cause sores and blisters to be present in the genitals, with oral sex with an infected person being the most likely means of transmission for this virus. Thus, HSV-2 causes an overwhelming majority of the herpies infection of the genital region, with HSV-1 being responsible for a small minority of the cases.
General Symptoms of Genital Herpies:
HSV-2 causes the general symptoms of many types of viral infections for around about 2 to 10 days after its entry into an uninfected person. The initial symptoms include fever, general malaise, muscle pain especially in the lower part of the body, and swollen lymph nodes in the groin region. Thus, people develop flu-like symptoms upon first coming down with a genital herpies infection. However, other symptoms of genital herpies, include a tingling and itchy sensation in the area through which the virus has made its entry into the host, that soon follow these general symptoms. Finally, with the appearance of the blisters in the genitalia of the infected person, as well as, the adjoining area marks the full-blown infection with this virus. However, in certain number of cases the entry of the virus goes unnoticed because it does not produce any of the aforementioned symptoms during the primary phase of its infection.
How Do You Get Genital Herpies?
Even though a person might remain asymptomatic to the presence of herpies on genital, he or she can easily pass the infection to their sexual partners inadvertently. This brings the focus to the likely ways of transmission of this infection from an infected person to an uninfected one. People who have oral sex with infected partners or multiple sex partners are the most vulnerable to this infection, much like any other sexually transmitted diseases. Moreover, use of safe-sex items or other such barrier methods might not be enough to provide complete protection for this disease. This is because the virus can spread from an infected host to his or partner if it is present on a skin surface not covered. Thus, the best option available is not to engage in sexual relation with multiple partners, especially with ambiguous sexual history.
The infection can also pass from an infected mother to her unborn child during childbirth. This possibility becomes even more possible if the mother has sores and blisters present on her vaginal tract, which makes it even easier for the virus to pass onto the fetus during its journey down the birth canal. Doctors try to minimize the chances of such infection in the newborns by managing the infection of their mothers, and treat the visible symptoms. Once the virus moves into its latent phase, the chances of transmission lessens considerably. The chances of transmission of the genital herpies infection to their child is lower in women have had the infection prior to the time of their conception, while getting infected during the third semester is the worst-case scenario.
Recurring Symptoms of Herpies on Genital:
The most common symptoms of recurring herpies on genital infection are the pain, itching, and tingling sensation in the affected area, which is followed by the appearance of the tiny white blisters or small red bumps. These blisters tend to be present for several days, and are highly prone to opening up and turning into painful ulcers. The blisters usually contain clear or straw colored fluid, which oozes out when the blisters break open. Moreover, the blisters might even get ruptured upon forceful contact with anything and start to bleed. Finally, scabs form when the ulcers start to heal, which is another characteristic of this infection.
The blisters caused by HSV-2 usually form in and on the genitalia of the affected person. This includes the penis, scrotum, and the urethra in case of men, and the labial lips, and cervix, as well as, the vaginal area in general for the women. Moreover, the sores associated with genetal herpies can also be present on other parts in the lower region of the body such as the buttocks, anus, thighs, and the lower abdomen. Presence of open ulcers inside the urethra can turn passing of urine into an extremely painful experience. Moreover, women may find it particularly painful inside their vaginal region, and might require the aid of urinary catheter to pass urine.
The sores caused by the herpies on genital infection tend to become less painful with the passage of time from the time of infection. Pain in the lower portion of the body such as legs, buttock, and the lower back can also lessen with time. The sores might be present on the parts of the body if the concerned part is exposed to the active virus in an inadvertent manner. Thus, it is possible to get herpies blisters on the eyes if a person touches the sores present on their genital region, and then rubs their eyes without washing the hands first.
Treatment for Genital Herpies:
It is not possible to cure this infection completely with the help of any antiviral medications. However, these antiviral drugs can help in managing the symptoms and lessen the pain and discomfort caused by them. Since this virus cannot survive for long outside the human body, it cannot spread through sharing of contaminated towels, drinking glasses, or utensils. However, undisciplined sexual behavior can serve as the most potent mode of transmission of the genital herpies /herpes infection.
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Genital Herpies – Herpies genitalis