Herpies/herpes is a chronic infectious disease caused by the herpies simplex virus, which is capable of transmitting from an infected person to a susceptible host in a wide variety of manner. Herpies Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1), and Herpies Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) is the two members of Herpiesviridae or the Herpies virus family. Thus, people wondering about what are herpies virus need to know that this is a DNA virus, which causes a lifelong infection marked by episodically recurring symptoms interspersed by latent periods. The two members of the Herpies virus family causes an infection which results in the development of watery blisters on the skin or the mucous membranes in a number of areas in the body, primarily the mouth, lips, and genitals. The blisters heal with the characteristic scab formation of this infection, and then remain asymptomatic or with extremely mild symptoms till certain sporadic episodes cause its reactivation. However, it not possible to completely cure this infection because the virus hides itself in the cell body of neurons during the latent period which takes them beyond the reach of any antiviral medication or strategy.
What are Herpies Simplex Virus 1?
The two members of the Herpiesviridae family are both highly contagious, with HSV-1 causing cold sores in the oral area and on the lips, while the HSV-2 is the causative agent behind the genital Herpies. Infection with HSV-1 usually takes place during the early period in any person’s life, and then stays with them for the rest of their lifespan. The herpies virus of this infection spreads through sharing of utensils and lip balms, as well as, kissing and any other activity that can lead to close contact with the cold sores or exchange of saliva between an infected and an uninfected person. Moreover, it is quite possible as well to get genital herpies from HSV-1 if the virus comes in contact with the genital organs during its active phase. This is a distinct possibility if a person receives oral sex from another person with symptoms of an active bout of oral herpies infection such as cold sores. In fact, the virus is extremely efficient in spreading to others during the active phase.
What are Herpies Simplex Virus 2?
For all those wondering about what are Herpies infections of the genitals, the HSV-2 is the causative agent. This virus spreads from one person to another during sexual activities, and even whilst having protected sex, it can only provide modest protection against its transmission. Thus, the most rational measure that a person can adhere to prevent infection with HSV-2 is to limit their number of sexual partners, and also to desist from indulging in sexual activities with a partner showing clear symptoms of genital or oral herpies, since it is highly contagious during the symptomatic phase. This is because once the virus enters the body of a potential host; it quickly migrates from the skin surface and attaches itself to the cell body of neuron to make it a lifelong company of the host. It continues to emerge from its safe site once in a while in the presence of a potent trigger, which includes illness, stress, and exposure to sun, as well as, surgery, and menstrual periods.
Who Can Herpies Affect?
Even though any person can contact herpies infection, some of the population groups are more susceptible to contacting this infection than most others. The people most at risk of suffering from genital herpies are the ones who have multiple sex partners, and often tend to have unprotected sex, which makes them vulnerable to not only Herpies simplex virus but a wide gamut of other sexually transmitted diseases as well. This is the group that is most likely to wonder about ‘whats Herpies’, but limited knowledge in this regard is not going to serve them well.
Females are also at an heightened risk of contacting genital herpies from their infected partners compared to their male counterparts, while those people who have had sex at a very early age are at heightened risk as well. Uncircumcised men are also at a heighted risk of getting this disease from their partners compared to their circumcised counterparts. This probably has got something to do with the soft skin layer of the foreskin, which often serves as a potent point of entry for the herpies virus and cause an infection.
Moreover, people who are already suffering from one or more types of sexually transmitted diseases are much more susceptible to getting infected with this virus and suffering from Herpies infection. Finally, people with weakened immune system due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS, or undergoing chemotherapy to treat advanced stages of cancer are also highly susceptible to getting this infection. In fact, people infected with the herpies virus are more susceptible to HIV infection than those who are free of this infection.
Herpies in Pregnant Women:
Pregnant women often have the query of whats herpies, and what are the chances of their babies getting infected with the causative agent of this infectious disease during the gestation period, or at the time of their birth. The fortunate news is that the risk of contamination of baby is extremely low in mothers who have had the disease since before the duration of their pregnancy. This is because the body continues to produce antibodies against the virus, and older the infection, the better the chances of passing on some of that helpful antibody to the fetus to provide it with passive immunity to the virus. On the other hand, the risk of infection rises marginally if the pregnant mother contacts the infection during the first 13 months or 1st trimester of their gestation period.
The risk of infecting the fetus continues to rise as the later a gestating mother contacts the infection during her gestation period. In fact, doctors might have to opt for a cesarean section if the mother has contacted the infection during the 3rd semester, and is showing visual symptoms of the infection such as sores in the vaginal region. This is to prevent the exposure of the baby to the virus during its passage down the birth canal. However, doctors may not advice cesarean section if the mother is not showing any outward symptoms of the Herpies infection, or had contacted the infection much before the initiation of her pregnancy. In fact, doctors might advice any pregnant woman suffering from a symptomatic bout of herpies infection to take antiviral medications, and force the virus to go into its latent phase, which will minimize the chances of the child getting infected before or during birth.
Diagnosing Herpies Virus:
Diagnosing herpies virus infection can quite be challenging is certain cases because of the anonymous nature of the infection in a number of people. Whenever, sores, blisters are present, regardless of whether in the oral or genital region, doctors can visually check them for preliminary detection. Moreover, they can ask their patients to opt for HSV culture tests, which are much more confirmatory in nature. In addition to the culture tests, people suffering from Herpies infection can also opt for blood tests to confirm their presence in the body. These blood tests look for the presence of the antibodies against the herpies virus, which the body produces to combat the infection. Thus, it becomes possible to become confirmed regarding the existence of a herpies infection in the body with the help of this laboratory based diagnostic tests.
The term “Herpies / HHerpies” raises up different pictures for different individuals. A few might see the disease as an annoying & ugly blister or cold sore which periodically develops on or near the lip area. Other persons may see the infection as a feared STD which, the moment you come in contact, makes you suffer for the remainder of your life.
Obviously both these scenarios do signify the word “Herpies” very accurately for several individuals all around the world, however in medical terms Herpies can be suitably applied to a number of lesser recognized illnesses as well.
Before looking into what is Herpies, lets first see all the Herpies disorders:
Oral Herpies (i.e., Herpies gingivostomatitis)
Eye Herpies (i.e., Herpies keratitis)
Throat Herpies (i.e., Herpies pharyngitis)
Brain Herpies (i.e., Herpies encephalitis)
Chickenpox (i.e., varicella-zoster)
Herpies which is transferred to newborn babies (i.e., neonatal Herpies)
Shingles (i.e., Herpies-zoster)
as well as mono (i.e., mononucleosis)
All the above mentioned conditions can result due to one amongst the 2 closely associated Herpies viruses which are called as Herpies 1 & Herpies 2.
What Are Viruses?
A virus is the tiniest known microorganisms, or infective agents, which medical science has revealed up to the present time. Majority of the viruses comprise a nucleic acid which enclosed by a protein cover. This cover is called as capsid.
The complex of nucleic acid & protein is mentioned as a nucleo-capsid. In viruses that are more complex, for example in Herpies virus, the nucleo capsid can be enclosed by a tissue like arrangement which contains carbs, proteins as well as lipids. The tissue like arrangement is known as an envelope. Every single virus may comprise 1 of the 2 big complex chemical components which include the genetic code of the viruses. This genetic code can serve as an outline in order make additional amount of viruses. The chemical code can be either a deozyribonucleic acid (also known as DNA) or a ribonucleic acid (also known as RNA).
As opposed to the bacteria & more compound microbes, viruses are not known to carry all the things which are essential to replicate themselves. For the purpose of multiplication, a virus is required to get inside a living cell, get rid of the protein covering of the cell & then utilizes its deozyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid in order to transmit the cell creating mechanism for creating more duplicates of itself. This practice of creating an additional amount of viruses is likely to actually eliminate or harm the ‘host’ or living cell. In the event, sufficient amount of living host cells are eliminated or injured, then it can cause viral illness for example the flu (or influenza), genital Herpies or viral diarrhea. There can be hundreds of recognized species of viruses & perhaps thousands of other species which are yet to be discovered.
Every virus is capable of adapting itself in order to damage or infect a specific form of cell within a particular living creature that is enough to clarify why there are a huge forms or species of viruses. Since they’ve become so specific a few of the viruses could only damage a particular forms of cells, such as, the cells present in the liver, muscle, brain, etc. while leaving additional cells as they are. Similarly, a number of viruses are even restricted to the form of species which they are able to harm or infect. Normally, this indicates that the viruses that can harm the cells in one animal type, for instance a cat, is not able to pass on to another animal type, for instance a dog. Obviously like most other rules, there can be exceptions & a few types of viruses could cause related diseases in the animal species which are closely related to each other. One more exception is at times viruses could also source a totally new illness inside the same animal type.
What is Herpies Virus?
To answer ‘what is Herpies Virus’, we will first look at types of Herpies. The Herpies virus is a member of the Herpies 1 or Herpies 2 family. The necleo capsid part of the Herpiesvirus is enclosed by a cover along with spike like arrangements that project from the exterior & comprises DNA. Up to now, experts have been able to recognize in excess of 115 various viruses of Herpies & have discovered well over 50 various species of creatures which could be diseased with a certain form of Herpies infection. Human beings seem to be one of the usual reservoirs for a minimum of 8 distinct types of viruses related to Herpies which generally pass over from one person to the other & typically don’t result in any type of infection in other creatures.
Getting infected with the Herpies virus, normally via sex, can be the first in the multifaceted sequence of events which bring about genital Herpies. Developing from the external part of virus are the structures of protein carbs which are known as glycoproteins. They let the Herpies virus to connect primarily to the proteoglycans.
Proteoglycans are the complex biological structures that exist on the exterior of the live cells. After associating with the host cells, glycoproteins link to the surface structure of the cells in order to activate the modifications within the cell tissues cytoskeletal assembly.
These modifications let the viral cover to merge with the plasma membrane of the cell, basically integrating so as to create a completely new cell. As soon as this fusion happens, the nucleo capsid of the virus arrives inside the cytoplasm of the host’s cell, connecting small skeleton like arrangements which are called as microfilaments & microtubules. They create an internal transport network that is used for moving the stuff inside the cell. With the help of this structure, the virus enters its DNA inside the nuclei of the host-cell in which it creates duplicates of viral DNA. These DNA’s are discharged from the cell. As a result, other nearby cells get infected. The whole process of creating fresh series of virus particles destroys the infected cell of the host.
In case, the virus remains inside the cells of the skin where primary viral attachment happens, odds are that a strong immune mechanism might eventually be able to cope with the virus & free the body from the infection. The virus nevertheless has discovered one way that hides it from the immune mechanism by sleeping within the nerve cells. For indefinite reasons it doesn’t begin the process of replicating itself inside a particular amount of nerve sections, rather sleeping & starting a concealed infection. Whenever the virus hibernates or sleeps, it stays in a quiet state as a result of which the immune mechanism finds it tough to detect the virus. This quiet state is mentioned as latency or latent infection. Latent infection won’t result in any illness. But sadly the latent virus is likely to reactivate & create additional amount of virus that, in turn, result in regular Herpies.
The process of reactivation is yet to be identified nevertheless it could take place for no seeming reason or can be activated as a result of stress, exposure to sun’s UV radiation, or trauma. Whatever may be the trigger, when the virus reactivates itself, it gets transferred from the nerve cells of the body towards their endings. From here, it releases itself in the skin so that it can replicate inside the skin. The process of replication can at times result in full blown sores of Herpies outbursts, however any other time, it could cause “shedding” the infection that results in no identifiable signs. Either way, an individual is infectious during the period of reactivation & it’s possible that he/she may spread the infection inside the body of his/her partner. So, medical experts suggest that individuals who are suffering from genital Herpies prevent intercourse even in case there’s no clear indications of a lively outbreak of Herpies / HHerpies.
Most of the above information should have given you an insight to ‘what are Herpies or what is Herpies’. During the outbreaks, it is better to wear loose clothing. The pain during urination could be minimized by drinking plenty of fresh and clean water. Also, you could take a shower frequently for cleanup. In case you get in contact with the infected part, wash your hands carefully, never touch or rub your eyes or mouth. This could prevent additional infections. Change your underwear frequently & wash the towel prior to using it again.
Treating Herpies Naturally:
To Treat Herpies infection you might want to go for an all natural solution/remedy to completely destroy the presence of such Herpies in the long term. Check out this Natural Herpies Treatment Program.
- Preventing Further Herpis Outbreaks:
People who wonder about what is Herpis infection and about the best ways to manage the infection always need to keep one fact in their minds that there are no cures to this condition. Even though period use of the antiviral medications can help preventing the aggravation of the symptoms, and keep the virus in its latent state, prevention is always much more preferable than the use. While the aforementioned measure such as desisting from having sex with multiple partners or the one with symptoms of genital herpies, can help in the prevention of the spread of HSV-2, but HSV-1 can be more challenging to contain.
HSV-1, the causative agent of cold sores, can spread through contaminated articles of everyday use such as towels, lip balms, and much more. Thus, the best option is to limit physical contact with a person suffering from cold sores during the active phase of the infection. However, this can problematic in case of small children who often tend to contact the infection from other children during the time they spend together in close proximity within the classroom or on the playground.
Washing hands after coming in contact with a person suffering from cold sores can prove to be surprisingly effective in preventing the transmission of this virus. Moreover, not sharing silverware, towels, lip balms, and other such items can help in keeping the spread of this virus in check. Finally, desisting from kissing a person with cold sores, or having oral sex will help in ensuring that their partners do not get infected with the Herpies Simplex 1 virus either in their oral or genital region. These preventive measures will help in averting the recurrent symptoms of herpies/herpes infection, which are quite distressing to say the least.
What causes herpies simplex?
Oral herpies (herpies simplex type 1)
What Is the Long-Term Outlook for Herpies Simplex?
Herpies simplex virus
What is herpies?